Download e-book for kindle: A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646 by Malcolm Wanklyn

By Malcolm Wanklyn

An army heritage of the English Civil battle examines how the civil conflict was once gained, who fought for whom, and why it ended. With a simple kind and transparent chronology that permits readers to make their very own decisions and pursue their very own pursuits extra, this unique historical past offers a radical critique of the explanations which were pointed out for Parliament's victory and the King's defeat in 1645/46. It discusses the strategic techniques of the Parliamentary and Royalist commanders and councils of warfare and analyses the choices they made, arguing that the King's defective command constitution used to be extra answerable for his defeat than Sir Thomas Fairfax's strategic aptitude. It additionally argues that the best way that assets have been used, instead of the assets themselves, clarify why the warfare ended whilst it did.

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Additional info for A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646

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2 Oman, Art of War in the Sixteenth Century, 568. 3 The bayonet inserted into the end of the musket barrel was not used until the second half of the seventeenth century. 4 Firth, Cromwell’s Army, 89–90. 5 Hughes, Firepower, 3; Young, English Civil War Armies, 9. 6 Quoted in Firth, Cromwell’s Armies, 85. 7 Danskin, ‘Battle of Wittstock’, 24–7. 8 Dupuy and Dupuy, Collins Encyclopaedia of Military History, 572; Gush, Army Lists 1420–1700, 36. qxd 17/09/2004 12:38 Page 36 INTRODUCTION tended to be used to guard the artillery train, where a length of lighted match carelessly employed could easily cause a catastrophic explosion.

Qxd 17/09/2004 12:38 Page 33 III u Battlecraft in seventeenth-century Europe than a gallop as it took cavalrymen some time to pick up speed. Additionally, a slower pace meant easier retention of an individual’s position within the cavalry formation, thus allowing the shape of the formation itself to be retained and the shock to be more effective when it collided with the enemy. However, if firepower did not prevent contact taking place, the close order and depth of the formation would enable it to absorb the shock.

29 Roy, ‘English Civil War’. 30 See below Chapters XV, XVII. ’, 142–4; Hutton, The Royalist War Effort, 173–4; Stoyle, ‘Grenville’s creatures’, 28. 32 Admittedly, if garrison troops are added to troops in the field, Parliament enjoyed a very considerable superiority over the king in terms of numbers, but Fairfax made no attempt to exploit that resource in the 1645 campaign. He would have learned from his experience of the battle of Marston Moor that large armies had their weaknesses, particularly if they were filled up with troops with little or no experience of the battlefield.

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