By Oguz Akin
This e-book presents a accomplished visible overview of pathologic sickness diversifications of the 5 major different types of gynecologic cancers: ovarian, endometrial, cervical, vaginal, and vulvar. by utilizing cross-sectional imaging modalities, together with computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and positron emission tomography, it depicts basic anatomy in addition to universal gynecological tumors. for every kind of melanoma, facets resembling fundamental staging, recurrence styles, and findings from varied but complementary imaging modalities are explored. Atlas of Gynecologic Oncology Imaging offers a coherent point of view of the jobs of normal and state of the art imaging strategies in gynecologic oncology through a multidisciplinary method of melanoma care. that includes over six hundred photographs, this booklet is a worthy source for diagnostic radiologists, radiation oncologists, and gynecologists.
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Extra info for Atlas of Gynecologic Oncology Imaging
Gynecol Oncol. 1990;38:373–6. 1016/0090-8258(90)90076W [pii]. Rubin SC, Hoskins WJ, Hakes TB, et al. Serum CA 125 levels and surgical findings in patients undergoing secondary operations for epithelial ovarian cancer. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989;160:667–71. Low RN, Duggan B, Barone RM, Saleh F, Song SY. Treated ovarian cancer: MR imaging, laparotomy reassessment, and serum CA-125 values compared with clinical outcome at 1 year. Radiology. 2005;235:918–26. 1 Anatomy, Histology, and Physiology The uterus is the most common site of cancer in the female genital tract [1, 2].
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5). 7). 8. 7 Key changes in the 2009 FIGO Staging System for Endometrial Cancer Imaging type Relative to endometrium T1WI T2WI T1WI+C Relative to myometrium T1WI T2WI T1WI+C Diffusion-weighted MRI FIGO 2009 Stage IA: myometrial invasion = none OR < 50 % Stage IB: myometrial invasion ≥50 % Characteristics of endometrial cancer Isointensity Intermediate signal intensity Earlier enhancement Variable intensity Hyperintensity Less and more delayed enhancementa Hyperintensity (hypointensity on ADC map) ADC apparent diffusion coefficient, T1WI T1-weighted imaging, T1WI+C T1-weighted imaging with contrast enhancement, T2WI T2-weighted imaging a Maximum contrast between hyperintense myometrium and hypointense endometrial tumor occurs 50–120 s after contrast medium administration; this is the most important phase for accurate assessment of the depth of myometrial invasion.