By Dmitriy Kireyev, Judy Hung
This e-book presents a concise advisor to echocardiography, SPECT, CT and MRI, together with either the fundamentals of cardiac imaging in addition to tables of normal/abnormal values and guidelines.
With advances in expertise, cardiac CT and MRI have gotten extra well known yet are usually constrained to greater clinical facilities. by way of together with the fundamentals of those modalities, this publication presents a accomplished consultant for a variety of doctors. As physicians outdoor of cardiology usually would not have enough publicity to nuclear tension checks, this booklet includes SPECT and pressure attempt protocols so that it will facilitate decision-making while ordering assessments and analyzing results.
Cardiac Imaging in medical Practice is a short reference consultant and should be worthwhile at a number of degrees of teaching, allowing the e-book for use as a simple and complicated reference resource. As such, it's acceptable for college kids, citizens, fellows and employees attendings who need a sensible and convenient connection with the diagnostic strategies open to them.
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3. Oh JK, Taliercio CP, Holmes Jr DR, Reeder GS, Bailey KR, Seward JB, Tajik AJ. Prediction of the severity of aortic stenosis by Doppler aortic valve area determination: prospective Doppler- catheterization correlation in 100 patients. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1988;11(6):1227–34. 4. Otto CM, Pearlman AS, Comess KA, Reamer RP, Janko CL, Huntsman LL. Determination of the stenotic aortic valve area in adults using Doppler echocardiography. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986;7(3):509–17. 5. Thomas JD, Weyman AE. Doppler mitral pressure half-time: a clinical tool in search of theoretical justification.
D. Kireyev, MD (*) • J. edu D. Kireyev, J. 1007/978-3-319-21458-0_4, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 31 32 D. Kireyev and J. 1 illustrates the principle of Bernoulli Equation which relates pressure drop that occurs with changing fluid speeds across a narrowing in tube where ρ is density of blood, V1 and V2 represents velocity proximal and distal to stenosis respectively. The second and third parts of the equation representing flow acceleration and viscous resistance components are usually relatively small and ignored in clinical practice .
1007/978-3-319-21458-0_5, © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 51 52 D. Kireyev and J. 1 Calcified tricuspid aortic valve stenosis seen in long axis (left) and short axis (right); note significant leaflet calcification restriction of motion (arrows). 2 (a) Shows unicupsid aortic valve. 02 % incidence) Chapter 5. Valvular Pathology 53 Bicuspid aortic valve (Fig. 2b) –– Anatomy: two leaflets and two commissures from cusp fusion of right and left – 86 %, cusp fusion of right and non-coronary – 12 %, left and non-coronary – 3 %  –– Associated lesions: coarctation of aorta, dilatation of aortic root, ascending aorta, sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, sub and supra valvular aortic stenosis, Shone’s complex, Turners Syndrome, ventricular septal defect [3, 4].