Download PDF by Alenka à elih (auth.), Alenka à elih, Aleš Završnik (eds.): Crime and Transition in Central and Eastern Europe

By Alenka à elih (auth.), Alenka à elih, Aleš Završnik (eds.)

Full-scale political switch impacts each point of a society, yet maybe nowhere as strikingly as within the parts of crime coverage and legislations enforcement. during the last 20 years, the ecu countries that experience moved from totalitarianism towards democracy have come to embrace this pattern, but trustworthy assets on crime and legislation enforcement in those nations haven't been without problems available to the West.

Representing viewpoints seldom to be had to outsiders, the individuals to Crime and Transition in valuable and jap Europe examine alterations in legal actions and crime keep an eye on suggestions within the quarter, clarify the political historical past underlying those advancements, and determine their long term social impression. specialists from Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina talk about the politicization of crime, the continued paradoxes concerning civil liberties, and the way forward for crime coverage in comparative and country-specific phrases. one of the themes featured within the book:

· Crime and crime regulate in transitional countries.

· Politics, the media, and public notion of crime.

· Surveillance: from nationwide defense to non-public industry.

· Penal coverage and political change.

· rising traits: financial and arranged crime, human trafficking, juvenile delinquency.

· New views on corruption within the region.

With this attention-grabbing insight, Crime and Transition in valuable and jap Europe is a unique reference for researchers and policymakers in criminology and political technology, and historians with a distinct curiosity in eu affairs and coverage.

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Additional resources for Crime and Transition in Central and Eastern Europe

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Because of this, those societies were not able to produce strong democratic practices and such cultural values as individualism and egalitarianism which are—according to Karstedt—‘major trajectories of the process of modernization and main characteristics of democratic society’ (idem, p. 299). These countries were shaped for a very long period of time by collectivism rather than individualism and by authoritarianism rather than egalitarianism. In Karstedt’s view ‘… under the layer of violently enforced homogeneity a substructure and subculture of high inequality developed’ (idem, p.

Political and economic freedoms figured prominently in popular slogans of that time—but most probably those who demanded them did not know exactly what they comprised. As noted earlier, particular countries got through this tumultous period with different experiences: while some were well-established states, others had to gain their basic independence. Among this second group there were further major differences: two of this number, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina were badly damaged in a violent war that left each country mutilated and changed their infrastructure into a devastated state.

Slovenia) a mandatory retirement wave in the early 1990s eliminated those who had (or might have) violated human rights. These changes were most certainly necessary; they had, however, also a negative consequence: the judiciary—judges and prosecutors—who entered into the new system were young and as such had less experience than was required by the situation which then quite unexpectedly arose, namely the extreme increase of crime during the first years after the changes. This was probably one of the causes for delays in judicial proceedings in general, and in criminal proceedings in particular, which later became a heavy obstacle in the functioning of these judicial systems.

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