Download e-book for kindle: How to finance energy management projects : solving the by Eric A. Woodroof

By Eric A. Woodroof

The panorama for enforcing power effective tasks is swiftly altering and the necessity for strength undertaking financing hasn't ever been larger. This e-book presents the most important luck components for structuring a finance power venture and getting it authorized by means of best administration. half I covers the necessity for financing in addition to the elemental options. half II covers a few useful functions of financing similar to functionality contracts, energy buy agreements, and different goods like velocity financing. half III includes articles that experience helped many engineers get extra tasks applied as they comprise details that may be used to provide initiatives and get them approved.

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The primary difference is that with a bond, the issuer (PizzaCo) periodically pays the investors only the interest earned. ” For example, a $1,000 bond with a 10% coupon will pay $100 per year. When the bond matures, the issuer returns the face value ($1,000) to the investors. Bonds are issued by corporations and government entities. Government bonds generate tax-free income for investors, thus these bonds can be issued at lower rates than corporate bonds. This benefit provides government facilities an economic advantage to use bonds to finance projects.

Also, performance contracts are often designed so that the facility owner (PizzaCo) would own the asset at the end of the contract. FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS: DETAILS AND TERMINOLOGY To explain the basic financial arrangements in more detail, each one is applied to an energy management-related case study. To understand the economics behind each arrangement, some finance terminology is presented below. Finance Terminology Equipment can be purchased with cash on-hand (officially labeled “retained earnings”), a loan, a bond, a capital lease, or by selling stock.

Thus, to save time, a bank that can understand EMPs should be chosen. Most banks will require a down payment and collateral to secure a loan. However, securing assets can be difficult with EMPs, because the equipment often becomes part of the real estate of the plant. For example, it would be very difficult for a bank to repossess lighting fixtures from a retrofit. In these scenarios, lenders may be willing to secure other assets as collateral. Application to the Case Study Figure 2-7 illustrates the resource flows between the parties.

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