By Andor W.J.M. Glaudemans, Rudi A.J.O. Dierckx, Jan L.M.A. Gielen, Johannes (Hans) Zwerver
This complete e-book describes intimately how nuclear drugs and radiology can meet the wishes of the activities drugs health care provider through aiding in unique prognosis, rationalization of pathophysiology, imaging of therapy end result and tracking of rehabilitation. person sections specialise in nuclear medication and radiologic imaging of accidents to the pinnacle and face, backbone, chest, shoulder, elbow and forearm, wrist and hand, pelvic zone, knee, reduce leg, ankle and foot. The pathophysiology of activities accidents often encountered in several areas of the physique is defined from the viewpoint of every area of expertise, and the aptitude diagnostic and administration merits provided by way of the recent hybrid imaging modalities – SPECT/CT, PET/CT, and PET/MRI – are defined. additionally, a number easy and common matters are addressed, together with imaging of the wounds attribute of particular activities. it's was hoping that this e-book will advertise interdisciplinary expertise and conversation and increase the administration of injured leisure or elite athletes.
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Extra info for Nuclear Medicine and Radiologic Imaging in Sports Injuries
BERT (background equivalent radiation time) is the unit of measurement to compare the effective radiation dose of imaging procedures with the natural background radiation of 1-year time (3 mSv). 3 years BERT. Digital radiography and iterative CT reconstruction or cone beam CT imply less effective radiation dose compared to conventional radiography and classic CT reconstruction, respectively. 012 mSv for AP view (Koivisto et al. 2013). 1 gives an overview of typical effective radiation doses in musculoskeletal radiographs, CT, and nuclear imaging techniques (Parry et al.
It involves the use of radiopharmaceuticals for both purposes. ). Radiopharmaceuticals are usually administered intravenously. So, images are made from radiation which is emitted from within the patient. These characteristics form the main distinction with radiology, which mainly focuses on tissue anatomy by using external radiation sources. This book chapter discusses the basic principles of nuclear medicine and the existing camera types. Special focus will be given to the different imaging techniques which are generally available to image sports injuries.
Therefore, the patient is the source of radioactivity. The cameras that are used in nuclear medicine to visualize the radiopharmaceuticals are the gamma camera and the PET camera. The detection of γ-rays emitted from the patient and transforming it into an image is the main principle of the camera systems used in nuclear medicine. 1 Gamma Camera A γ-camera (or Anger scintillation cameras, named after its inventor) consists of the following components: a collimator, a scintillation crystal, a light guide, photomultiplier tubes and a positioning and energy discrimination system.