By Patrick R. Gavin
Functional Small Animal MRI is the seminal reference for clinicians utilizing Magnetic Resonance Imaging within the prognosis and remedy of veterinary sufferers. even though MRI is used most often within the analysis of neurologic problems, it additionally has major software to different physique structures. This e-book covers basic anatomy and particular scientific stipulations of the frightened approach, musculoskeletal method, stomach, thorax, and head and neck. It additionally includes numerous chapters on ailment of the mind and backbone, together with inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic, and vascular illnesses, along congenital and degenerative problems.
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Of the motor (visceral efferent) fibers are located with CN X and CN XI in the nucleus ambiguus, an ill-defined column of neurons in the ventrolateral medulla oblongata. CN IX emerges from the medulla lateral and caudal to CN VIII. The nerve courses through the jugular foramen and the tympanooccipital fissure to innervate the stylopharyngeus and other pharyngeal muscles. Cochlear Division Cranial Nerve XI Spinal Accessory Nerve The cochlear division of CN VIII is important for auditory stimulus recognition (deLahunta 1983; Jenkins 1978; King 1987).
Magnum. 17. Sagittal T1-weighted MR imaging showing the approximate locations of the nuclei associated with the various CNs (A) CN I (I) and CN II (II). The dotted line represents the central path of the visual fibers to the level of the visual cortex (VC) in the occipital lobe. (B) Approximate location of the nuclei of CNs III, IV, and VI (circle III, IV, VI). 17. (Continued) (C) Approximate location of the nuclei of CN V. (circle V) (D) Approximate location of the nuclei of CNs VII and VIII (circle VII, VIII).
10. Transverse T1-weighted MR image (A) and gross brain image (B) from a dog at the level of the caudal thalamus and geniculate bodies. Transverse proton density MR image (C) and gross brain image (D) from a dog at the level of the caudal thalamus and geniculate bodies. Transverse T2-weighted MR image (E) and gross brain image (F) from a dog at the level of the caudal geniculate bodies and rostral mesencephalon. 11. Transverse (A) and sagittal (B), T1-weighted images prior to intravenous contrast administration from a dog showing the focal, hyperintense signal from the pituitary (arrows).