By Robert S. Ellwood, Gregory D. Alles
"The Encyclopedia of worldwide Religions goals to assist humans fulfill their interest a couple of vitally important point in their international: religions." So writes affiliate Editor Gregory Alles in his creation. Alles is going directly to declare that the majority reference works are "geared to a school and postgraduate audience," while this paintings "is varied in that it goals to deal with scholars directly."
Nearly 500 entries conceal subject matters from prehistoric and old religions, significant modern global religions, innovations, symbols, and personages. The entries for significant religions are the longest, protecting or 3 pages and subdivided into sections that debate historical past, ideals, practices, firms, and value. the shape is a conventional alphabetical association of entries. As such, it's now not undesirable, yet is it how to introduce younger readers to the diversity and complexity of religions of the realm? The entries for Christianity and Hinduism, between others, are tremendous succinct and filled with see references, forcing the reader to turn from one access to a different. There are longer, extra entire entries to be had on the earth publication Encyclopedia, to call only one instance. The alphabetical association, even though worthwhile from a ready-reference perspective, doesn't enable for a synthesis of the historical past, humans, and ideas of spiritual traditions and should now not be the simplest structure for pleasurable the interest of younger readers. evidence On File's personal Encyclopedia of worldwide Faiths: An Illustrated Survey of the World's dwelling Religions (New York, 1987) is healthier during this regard.
Many entries commence with a dictionary-like definition that makes an attempt to trap the content material of the access in one headline. Prayer is outlined as "communication with a spiritual being, corresponding to a god, spirit, ancestor, or saint." That's lovely stable. however the access for faith, Definition of starts off with the redundant word "explaining what faith is." Judaism in the USA is outlined as "the perform of Judaism within the Western Hemisphere." using language during this paintings frequently indicates an try at simplification long past unsuitable. even supposing designed for teenagers, the authors may have written the textual content in a manner that might problem readers, the entire whereas final obtainable to them.
In addition to shape and language, the content material of entries can also be questionable. The access abortion and faith exhibits that Roman Catholicism doesn't let abortion no matter if the lifetime of the mum is in jeopardy. Catholic theology is particularly advanced in this factor. the excellence among direct and oblique abortion, the fitting conditions surrounding the future health of the mum, and the scientific intervention essential to keep her all make sure no matter if the demise of the fetus is morally applicable. even though all of this may good be past the scope of an encyclopedia for younger readers, the access because it stands is misleading.
Finally, the encyclopedia starts with a chart giving the variety of adherents to religions around the world yet lacks any quotation for the resource of those figures. It ends with a supplemental bibliography of works geared for an undergraduate viewers and past, together with one in German. might no books on global religions for younger readers be chanced on?
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Extra info for The Encyclopedia of World Religions (Facts on File Library of Religion and Mythology)
The second meaning is a good indication of what apocalyptic literature does. Apocalyptic literature provides knowledge to which people otherwise would not have access. It generally claims that its knowledge comes from one—or both—of two sources. One source is a vision that a person on Earth has of the spiritual realm. A good example is the second half of the book of DANIEL in the Hebrew BIBLE (Daniel 7–12). A second source for apocalyptic knowledge is a journey into HEAVEN. Beginning in chapter four, the author of the New Testament book of Revelation is basically taking a guided tour of the spiritual realm.
L. Avis, Anglican Understanding of the Church: An Introduction (London: SPCK, 2000); Susan Dowell and Jane Williams, Bread, Wine, and Women: The Ordination Debate in the Church of England (London: Virago, 1994); Hugh G. G. Herklots, Frontiers of the Church: The Making of the Anglican Communion (London: Benn, 1961). animals and religion The symbolism and role of animals in religion. Animals have had a profound significance for religion as far back as religion can be traced. The famous Old Stone Age cave paintings of game animals undoubtedly had some kind of spiritual meaning.
One such account is from the founding of the Church of Jesus Christ of LATTER-DAY SAINTS, the Mormon Church, by Joseph Smith (1805–44). Beginning in 1823, the angel Moroni is said to have visited Smith in upstate New York, and directed him to the golden plates containing the Book of Mormon, scriptures supplemental to the Bible in Mormonism. Moroni is often portrayed atop Mormon temples. In HINDUISM and BUDDHISM, the equivalent of angels are beautiful figures, apsaras or yaksas in India, tennin or tennyo in Japan, said to inhabit the heavens of the gods, the Pure Land, and even mountains and forests as playful or mysterious spirits.